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HISTORICAL BORGO DI BACIANO

 

Just 12 km from Arezzo, Baciano is located in the plain north of the Municipality of Capolona approaching the Casentino valley. A very old locality with the typical layout of an agricultural settlement, Baciano stands on the right bank of the Arno about 100 metres from the river in a farmland setting still fertile today.

 

The mass migration of the population from the country to urban areas that characterised the years from the late 1950s to the mid-1970s, tied to nascent local industry, left the hamlet of Baciano intact, with no renovations or restorations undertaken for the next 50 years. Today, under new ownership, some of the original homes have been brought back to life, deliberately leaving the genuine patina of former times (including worn plaster and exposed masonry) on the exterior features, while inside the rooms have been redone in keeping with modern housing requirements, always, however, without compromising the features typical of the area’s farmhouses. Those who stay in Baciano, even for a very brief period, finds themselves projected and immersed in an atmosphere of former times, namely the peasant culture of early twentieth-century Tuscany.

Hamlet of Roman origin situated on the Via Major (Via Flaminia Minior, which went from Arezzo to Bagno di Romagna, built by Gaius Flaminius). The place name is thought to be of religious origin (the pre-Christian cult of Bacchus).

 

Baciano is mentioned as being an early medieval rural settlement already in 1109. In 1210, the procurator of Camaldoli leased the properties located in Baciano to brothers Jacopo and Giovanni. In 1845, it was separated from Subbiano and merged with the community of Capolona. Among the various buildings is the church of SS.Cristoforo and Jacopo; of modest dimensions and in the Gothic style, it includes a quadrangular apse and loopholes. In the Tithes of 1278 it is listed as being under the parish church called Pieve di San Martino Sopr’Arno. Today it is annexed to the Plebana church of Subbiano. Another noteworthy building of Baciano is the manor or villa dating from the XIX century, partially rebuilt in the early XX century.